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Osnabrücker Studentenwohnheim gehörte der Hitlerjugend

News in Das Dritte Reich Noch keine Kommentare »
[b]
Osnabrück. 1938 entstand in schönster Lage am Haster Berg in Osnabrück ein Heim für die Hitler-Jugend, das Johann-Gossel-Heim. Es hat den Krieg überstanden und dient seit 1949 mit Unterbrechungen als Studentenwohnheim. Dem Studentenwerk ist die braune Vergangenheit des Gebäudes offenbar peinlich – es verschweigt sie in seinem Internetauftritt und spricht schwammig von einem „historischen Gebäude mit seiner wechselvollen Geschichte“.[/b]

Die Erziehung der Jugend im nationalsozialistischen Sinne genoss ab etwa 1937 höchste Priorität. Kein Aufwand erschien zu hoch, um den Jugendorganisationen des Regimes für ihre Zusammenkünfte zu Spiel, Sport und paramilitärischen Übungen ein repräsentatives Haus zu schaffen. Für die nördlichen Stadtteile Osnabrücks suchte man einen Standort am Waldrand des Haster Hohn aus, der vielfältige Naturerkundungen und Geländespiele ermöglichte.
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Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Europe/Berlin' for 'CEST/2.0/DST' instead in /homepages/7/d117952006/htdocs/historik/index.php on line 155

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«Letzte Habe» - Spuren aus Auschwitz

News in Das Dritte Reich Noch keine Kommentare »
[b]
Die Funde sind bescheiden, doch für Historiker ein Schatz - letzte Alltagsgegenstände von in Auschwitz ermordeten Häftlingen. Jahrzehntelang war die letzte Habe verschollen. Die Rückkehr ist für die Gedenkstätte wie der erfolgreiche Ausgang einer Schatzsuche.[/b]

Die Taschenuhr, die Piotr Cywinski vorsichtig in der Hand hält, ist verrostet. Trotzdem hat der Direktor der Gedenkstätte Auschwitz-Birkenau Handschuhe angezogen, um die alte Uhr vor Staub- oder Hautpartikeln zu schützen.

Wie der Hornkamm, dem ein paar Zacken abgebrochen sind, wie die Dutzende Löffel und Gabeln, leere Medikamentenflaschen und Zahnbürsten erinnert die Uhr als stummer Zeuge an die mehr als 1,1 Millionen in Auschwitz ermordeten Menschen.
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Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Europe/Berlin' for 'CEST/2.0/DST' instead in /homepages/7/d117952006/htdocs/historik/index.php on line 155

Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Europe/Berlin' for 'CEST/2.0/DST' instead in /homepages/7/d117952006/htdocs/historik/index.php on line 157

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Prälat in Dachau: Der letzte Zeuge

News in Das Dritte Reich Noch keine Kommentare »
[b]
Ochtrup. Mit Hermann Scheipers hatten die Schutzengel viel zu tun: Der Prälat entging im Konzentrationslager Dachau mehrmals dem Tod. Nun ist der letzte Überlebende aus dem "Priesterblock" des KZ mit 102 Jahren gestorben. Eine Begegnung. Von Martina Stöcker[/b]

Hermann Scheipers ist der letzte Überlebende aus dem "Priesterblock" im Konzentrationslager Dachau. Auf Geheiß des SS-Reichsführers Heinrich Himmler wurden ab 1940 alle inhaftierten Geistlichen nach Dachau verlegt und in einem speziellen Block konzentriert. Knapp 3000 Geistliche aus aller Herren Länder waren in den drei Baracken untergebracht. Scheipers, der in Ochtrup geboren wurde und in Münster studiert hatte, war wegen der "Priesterschwemme" im Münsterland ins Bistum Meißen gegangen. Dort wurde er im Oktober 1940 inhaftiert, weil er verbotenerweise mit polnischen Zwangsarbeitern die Messe gefeiert hatte. "Scheipers ist ein fanatischer Verfechter der katholischen Kirche und deswegen geeignet, Unruhe in die Bevölkerung zu tragen. Daher weitere Schutzhaft im KZ Dachau", heißt es in seiner Gestapo-Akte. Im März 1941 wurde er in das Lager nahe München überstellt.
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Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Europe/Berlin' for 'CEST/2.0/DST' instead in /homepages/7/d117952006/htdocs/historik/index.php on line 154

Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Europe/Berlin' for 'CEST/2.0/DST' instead in /homepages/7/d117952006/htdocs/historik/index.php on line 155

Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Europe/Berlin' for 'CEST/2.0/DST' instead in /homepages/7/d117952006/htdocs/historik/index.php on line 157

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Uni Salzburg entzieht Konrad Lorenz die Ehrendoktorwürde

News in Das Dritte Reich 17 Kommentare »
[b]
Seine wissenschaftliche Lebensarbeit habe „im Dienste nationalsozialistischen Denkens“ gestanden. Mit dieser Begründung entzog die Uni Salzburg jetzt postum dem Nobelpreisträger Konrad Lorenz die Ehrendoktorwürde.[/b]

Die Universität Salzburg hat dem österreichischen Verhaltensforscher und Nobelpreisträger Konrad Lorenz posthum die Ehrendoktorwürde aberkannt. Die Universität begründet den Entzug mit dessen Aufnahmegesuch an die NSDAP aus dem Jahr 1938. Seine „ganze wissenschaftliche Lebensarbeit“ stehe „im Dienste nationalsozialistischen Denkens“, schreibt Lorenz in dem Antrag. Er habe „erfolgreiche Werbetätigkeit entfaltet“ und Studenten zum „Nationalsozialismus bekehrt“. Daneben stützt sich die Aberkennung auf eine Publikation von 1940, in der sich Lorenz für Ausmerzung und Auslese aus rassenhygienischen Gründen ausspricht. Neben Lorenz wurde auch dem deutschen Juristen und früheren SS-Obersturmführer Wolfgang Hefermehl die Ehrendoktorwürde aberkannt.
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Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Europe/Berlin' for 'CEST/2.0/DST' instead in /homepages/7/d117952006/htdocs/historik/index.php on line 155

Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Europe/Berlin' for 'CEST/2.0/DST' instead in /homepages/7/d117952006/htdocs/historik/index.php on line 157

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Morden im Namen der Wissenschaft

News in Das Dritte Reich Noch keine Kommentare »
[b]
In unvorstellbar grausamen Experimenten töteten und quälten Ärzte im "Dritten Reich" unter dem Deckmantel der Forschung. Medizinische Institute leugneten ihre dunkle Vergangenheit - über viele Jahrzehnte. Von Yvonne Schymura[/b]

Im Keller des Straßburger Instituts für Anatomie stehen große gekachelte Becken. Mit ihren Abdeckungen wirken sie wie riesige Gefriertruhen. Doch werden darin Leichen präpariert - heute wie vor 70 Jahren. Allerdings mit einem entscheidenden Unterschied.

Ab Oktober 1941 leitete der Anatom und Medizinprofessor August Hirt die "Reichsuniversität Straßburg". Anders als heutige Mediziner wartete Hirt jedoch nicht auf das Eintreffen der Körper etwa durch Krankheit oder Unfälle Verstorbener - er gab die Toten direkt in Auftrag: Im nahe gelegenen KZ Natzweiler ließ Hirt jüdische Männer und Frauen vergasen, um an ihre Knochen zu kommen.

Seit Hirt 1944 aus dem befreiten Straßburg floh und die Überreste der 86 Ermordeten aus dem Präparierbecken geborgen und bestattet wurden, kursieren Gerüchte um das Institut. In den Vitrinen und Schränken der medizinischen Sammlung sollen noch immer Proben jüdischer Häftlinge stehen. Zwischen den Gläsern mit Gliedmaßen, Schädeln und fehlgebildeten Föten will ein früheres Institutsmitglied sie gesehen haben, vor 40 Jahren. Der französische Medizinjournalist und Arzt Michel Cymes ging den Gerüchten nach.
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Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Europe/Berlin' for 'CEST/2.0/DST' instead in /homepages/7/d117952006/htdocs/historik/index.php on line 155

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"Nazis zählen reicht nicht"

News in Das Dritte Reich 6 Kommentare »
[b]
Seit zehn Jahren durchleuchten Kommissionen die NS-Vergangenheit deutscher Ministerien und Behörden. Nun gibt es einen Zwischenbericht: Was hat die Forschung erbracht? Fragen an den Historiker Martin Sabrow von Christian Staas.

DIE ZEIT:[/b] Das Auswärtige Amt machte 2006 den Anfang. Seither untersuchen Historikerkommissionen eine Bundesbehörde nach der anderen. Erstaunlich: Wir Deutschen, die wir unsere Vergangenheit angeblich so wunderbar aufgearbeitet haben, wissen noch immer nicht recht, was die wichtigsten Staatsinstitutionen in der NS-Zeit getan haben und wie ihre Nachfolger damit umgingen?

[b]Martin Sabrow:[/b] Ausgerechnet Otto Schily erklärte noch 2005 als Innenminister, dass Bundesministerien grundsätzlich "keine nationalsozialistische Vergangenheit" hätten, die der "Aufarbeitung" bedürften. Das Gegenteil ist der Fall. Erkenntnisbedarf besteht vor allem bei der Frage nach den personellen Kontinuitäten. Die war lange Zeit tabu. Konrad Adenauer sprach verächtlich von "Nazi-Riecherei".

[b]ZEIT:[/b] Seit zehn Jahren nun dreht sich alles um Personalakten. Mehr als 100 Zeithistoriker waren und sind in bisher 16 Kommissionen und Forschungsprojekten tätig. Jetzt hat die Bundesregierung eine Bestandsaufnahme angefordert. Sie sind einer der Herausgeber. Was sind die wichtigsten Ergebnisse?
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Ein ungelesener Bestseller?

News in Das Dritte Reich 16 Kommentare »
[b]
Beharrlich hält sich der Glaube, die Deutschen hätten "Mein Kampf" nur gezwungenermaßen besessen und oft erst gar nicht aufgeschlagen. Vieles spricht dagegen.[/b]

Zum letzten Mal spielte [i]Mein Kampf[/i] in den Nürnberger Prozessen 1945/46 eine wichtige politische und juristische Rolle. Ausgewählte Passagen wurden als Beweismaterial vorgelegt: Es habe bei den Angeklagten "eine hinreichende Vorkenntnis der ungesetzlichen Ziele der Nazi-Führung" gegeben, argumentierte der britische Hilfsankläger Elwyn Jones am 8. Januar 1946. Doch selbst glühende Nationalsozialisten wie Julius Streicher, der Herausgeber des Hetzblattes [i]Der Stürmer[/i], wollten das Buch nur teilweise gelesen haben. Dies galt auch für Albert Speer, der den Spieß sogar umdrehte. Als der russische Hilfsankläger M. Y. Raginsky ihm vorhielt, die Angriffspläne Hitlers seien in [i]Mein Kampf[/i] doch "besonders bezüglich der Sowjetunion sehr klar umrissen" gewesen, antwortete er: "Schließlich müssen ja Ihre Diplomaten auch das Buch [i]Mein Kampf[/i] gelesen haben, und sie haben ja auch trotzdem den Nichtangriffspakt abgeschlossen"...
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Existenz von "Nazi-Zug" in Polen offiziell bestätigt

News in Das Dritte Reich 6 Kommentare »
[b]
Schatzfieber in Niederschlesien. Zwei Männer haben einen unterirdisch versteckten Zug aus dem Zweiten Weltkrieg entdeckt.[/b]

Die Existenz eines "Nazi-Zugs" in Niederschlesien ist offiziell bestätigt worden. Seit vielen Jahren kursieren in einer polnischen Stadt Legenden über einen Zug aus der Zeit des Nationalsozialismus - er soll gepanzert und voll mit Gold gewesen sein. "Der Ort bleibt geheim", sagte Zygmunt Nowaczyk, Vize-Bürgermeister von Walbrzych (Waldenburg) in Niederschlesien, am Mittwoch. Er vermied es zudem, von einem Zug zu sprechen, und benutzte stattdessen das Wort "Fund". Ein Deutscher und ein Pole hatten vor einer Woche über einen Anwalt mitteilen lassen, sie hätten Hinweise auf einen 120 bis 150 Meter langen gepanzerten Zug. In der Nähe von Walbrzych gibt es eine ganze Reihe unterirdischer Stollen, die die Nazis unter dem Codenamen "Riese" hatten bauen lassen. Geschützt vor Luftangriffen der Alliierten sollten dort ursprünglich Waffen produziert werden.
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Der nordische Anti-Jude

News in Das Dritte Reich Noch keine Kommentare »
Am 26. Juni 1943 begrüsste Hitler Knut Hamsun auf dem Obersalzberg. Das Gespräch endete abrupt nach 45 Minuten. Der Anglist Tore Rem weiss Neues über die Hintergründe der Begegnung des Diktators mit dem Norweger, der sich wie kein anderer Autor von Rang von der Nazi-Propaganda hatte einspannen lassen.
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Blut im Schuh

News in Das Dritte Reich Noch keine Kommentare »
[b]
Im Konzentrationslager Sachsenhausen mussten Häftlinge in Gewaltmärschen deutsches Schuhwerk testen. Bis heute haben sich viele beteiligte Firmen dem nicht gestellt. Von Anne-Sophie Lang.[/b]

Die SS verdiente sechs Reichsmark, wenn Marian Szlachciński im Konzentrationslager Sachsenhausen einen Tag lang um den Appellplatz lief, bis zu 48 Kilometer am Stück, mit Blasen an den Füßen. Szlachciński war als junger Mann für zwei Jahre in dem Lager in Oranienburg bei Berlin inhaftiert. Drei Wochen lang gehörte er zum "Schuhläuferkommando". Die 120 bis 170 Gefangenen mussten täglich auf einer eigens angelegten Strecke über verschiedene Beläge marschieren: Schotter, Sand, Steine, Asphalt. Die Schuhindustrie zahlte dafür, weil sie herausfinden wollte, welche Schuhmodelle und -materialien am besten hielten. Viele der geschwächten Häftlinge starben nach ein paar Wochen.
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75 Jahre Hitler-Attentat: Viele Königsbronner sind stolz auf das Vermächtnis

News in Das Dritte Reich 2 Kommentare »
2010 hat der Sontheimer Künstler Friedrich Frankowitsch die überlebensgroße Metallskulptur geschaffen. Überlebensgroß: Empfinden die Königsbronner ihren einstigen Mitbürger Georg Elser so? Die Schule haben sie 2003 nach ihm benannt, 1998 eine Erinnerungs- und Forschungsstätte eingerichtet, gegen Drohungen aus der rechten Szene. Ja, sagt Hauptamtsleiter Joachim Ziller beim Gespräch im Rathaus, mittlerweile seien viele Menschen in der Gemeinde stolz auf den berühmten ehemaligen Mitbürger, den Mann, der Hitler töten wollte, um millionenfaches Töten zu verhindern
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Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Europe/Berlin' for 'CEST/2.0/DST' instead in /homepages/7/d117952006/htdocs/historik/index.php on line 157

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Vor dem Vergessen bewahrt

News in Das Dritte Reich Noch keine Kommentare »
Eine Klinik muss sich ihrer Rolle beim Massenmord an Kranken und Behinderten unter dem NS-Regime stellen. Nun gibt es ein Denkmal für die 1.366 Opfer.
Gerhard Schneider wuchs direkt neben der Psychiatrie Mainkofen in Niederbayern auf. Das Klinikgelände ist ein kleines Dorf, es war sein Spielplatz: Er planschte am Springbrunnen, tobte vorbei an der Kirche und den weißen Jugendstilhäusern. Als er 1981 als Verwaltungsangestellter dort anfing, war Mainkofen für ihn nur eines: die fortschrittliche Reformklinik, in der Patienten schon 1911 nicht wie Gefangene lebten. Bald entdeckte er jedoch, was es noch war: eine Tötungsanstalt.

Schneider, ein Mann mit hellblauen Augen, ist heute Verwaltungsdirektor der Klinik und kann jedem zeigen, wo diese jahrzehntelang ihre Vergangenheit versteckte: in den „Katakomben von Mainkofen“. Stickige Heizungskellerluft vermischt sich hier mit dem Geruch von Moder. Schneider öffnet eine Tür: Berge von vergilbten Akten, 1933 bis 1945.
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Archäologen im NS-Lager Sobibór

News in Das Dritte Reich 1 Kommentar »
SS-Schergen vertuschten die Massenmorde von Sobibór, jetzt haben zwei Wissenschaftler die Gaskammern des Vernichtungslagers ausgegraben - ein historisch bedeutender Fund. Besuch am Ort des Grauens.
Die Überreste der Todesfabrik verbergen sich tief im Wald. Es duftet nach Moos, Bäume knarren im Wind, ein Reh huscht durchs Unterholz. Der Pinienforst am alten Bahnhof von Sobibór wirkt friedlich an diesem Septembertag. Hier brachten einst SS-Offiziere und ihre Schergen Zehntausende wehrlose Juden und Roma um. Die Schlote der Krematorien rauchten monatelang.
In einer Lichtung sind frisch freigelegte Fundamente und Mauerreste zu sehen: die mutmaßlichen Überbleibsel von vier Gaskammern. Jede etwa fünf mal sieben Meter groß - Todeszellen für 70 bis 100 Menschen.

"Hier haben sie die Juden hineingetrieben", sagt Yoram Haimi und zeigt auf eine Lücke zwischen den rötlichen Ziegeln. "Und da stand wahrscheinlich der Motor, dessen Abgase sie in die Kammern geleitet haben", sagt Wojciech Mazurek. Vor Aufregung über den historisch so bedeutsamen Fund fallen sich die beiden Archäologen aus Israel und Polen ständig ins Wort.

In den vergangenen Tagen haben Haimi, 53, und Mazurek, 54, die Gaskammern von Sobibór ausgegraben. 71 Jahre nachdem die Nazis das Vernichtungslager zerstörten, in dem sie zwischen 170.000 und 250.000 Menschen umgebracht hatten. Haimi und Mazurek haben aufgedeckt, was die Täter zugeschüttet haben. Ihre Funde werden das Grauen von Sobibór greifbar machen.
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Gehört eine Nazi-Guillotine ins Museum?

News in Das Dritte Reich Noch keine Kommentare »

Voyeurismus oder Vergangenheitsbewältigung? Fachleute sind uneinig, ob man das Fallbeil, womit wohl auch die Geschwister Scholl geköpft wurden, zur Schau stellen darf. Von Georg Etscheit


[IMG]http://images.zeit.de/wissen/geschichte/2014-02/guillotine-geschwister-scholl/guillotine-geschwister-scholl-540x304.jpg[/IMG]
Die kürzlich im Bayerischen Nationalmuseum gefundene Guillotine | © Walter Haberland/dpa

"Es lebe die Freiheit", sagte Hans Scholl Minuten vor seiner Hinrichtung durch die Nazis. 25 Jahre war er alt, Medizinstudent, zum Tode verurteilt vom Volksgerichtshof.

An jenem 22. Februar 1943 wurde der Mitbegründer der Widerstandsgruppe "Weiße Rose" genau wie seine 22-jährige Schwester Sophie mit einer Guillotine geköpft – nur vier Tage nachdem ein Hausmeister die beiden an der Uni beim Verteilen von Anti-NS-Flugblättern erwischt hatte. Auch Mitstreiter Christoph Probst, 24, wurde am selben Tag mit dem Fallbeil hingerichtet.

In einem Depot des Bayerischen Nationalmuseums zu München fand ein Kunsthistoriker nun genau diese Tötungsmaschine, wie im Januar bekannt wurde – mehr als 70 Jahre nach der Ermordung der Geschwister Scholl. Sie stand in der Sammlung für Straf- und Rechtsaltertümer, zwischen Daumenschrauben, Streckbetten und Richtschwertern.
Scharfrichter Reichhart tötete gerne so

Die Guillotine ist mehr als zwei Meter hoch, mehrere Zentner schwer und weist einige Besonderheiten auf. So fehlt ihr das Klappbrett, auf dem die Delinquenten üblicherweise festgeschnallt wurden, bevor man sie unters Messer legte. Diese Besonderheit deutet daraufhin, dass es sich um die Apparatur handelt, mit der der Münchner Henker Johann Reichhart sein, wie man sagt, blutiges Handwerk verrichtete.

Er wollte die Prozedur verkürzen, zum Wohle der Todgeweihten. Deshalb wurden die Opfer der Hinrichtungen nicht aufs Brett geschnallt, sondern von zwei Männern gepackt und unter die Klinge geschoben. Statt einiger Minuten dauerte das nur Sekunden, wie sich Scharfrichter Reichhart, der selbsternannte Menschenfreund, rühmte.

Sehr wahrscheinlich stand die Guillotine einst im Gefängnis in München-Stadelheim. Und sehr wahrscheinlich wurden auf ihr auch die Geschwister Sophie und Hans Scholl hingerichtet und die übrigen Mitglieder des Widerstandskreises der Weißen Rose, die in einem ebenso heldenhaften wie vergeblichen Akt der Zivilcourage gegen die Gräueltaten der Nazis aufbegehrt hatten.

Das sind die Tatsachen. Direkt nachdem der Fund bekannt wurde, entbrannte eine lebhafte Diskussion darüber, ob man diese Hinrichtungsmaschine irgendwann einmal öffentlich zur Schau stellen sollte.

Aufklärung oder Gruselshow?

Im Kern ging es darum, welchen Effekt oder welchen Nutzen ein solches Unterfangen haben könnte. Ginge es dabei um Aufklärung oder nur um eine Gruselshow wie in den echten oder getürkten Folterkammern mittelalterlicher Ritterburgen?
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"Warum tut die Kirche nichts?"

News in Das Dritte Reich 1 Kommentar »
[b]
Der Kampf der protestantischen Widerständlerin Elisabeth Schmitz für ihre jüdischen Mitmenschen im "Dritten Reich" bleibt für jeden Christen heute beeindruckendes Vermächtnis – und politische Herausforderung. Ein Gastbeitrag von Margot Käßmann.

Wer war widerständig oder hat Widerstand geleistet im "Dritten Reich"? Da fallen schnell die bekannten Namen von Männern – Frauen hingegen kommen meist als unterstützende Ehefrauen vor. Dabei gab es sie natürlich, die aktiven Frauen im Widerstand, und nicht nur in der Weißen Rose – Sophie Scholl – und im Netzwerk der Roten Kapelle.
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Zwei Dörfer und der Stolz Adolf Hitlers

News in Das Dritte Reich 4 Kommentare »
[b]
Unmittelbare Nachbarn in der Pfalz, die noch heute Welten trennen: Im evangelischen Darstein stimmten 1930 alle für Hitler. Das katholische Hauenstein hatte selbst im März 1933 die wenigsten NSDAP-Wähler. [/b]

[img]http://img.welt.de/img/politik/crop101193837/1470717012-ci3x2l-w580-aoriginal-h386-l0/nazidorf-DW-Politik-Berlin.jpg[/img]

Geahnt hat er es längst. Immer wieder, seit seiner Schulzeit, ist es dem 24-Jährigen in der Gegend zu Ohren gekommen. "Ich hab es aber nur woanders gehört, nie bei uns im Dorf", sagt Dominic Stoffel aus Darstein in der Südpfalz, "bei uns ist das eher ein Tabu-Thema." Jetzt, aus einem soeben erschienenen Buch, hat er dann das ganze Ausmaß erfahren, wie es damals war in seinem Ort, am Ende der Weimarer Republik, mit dem heraufdämmernden Faschismus.

Darstein war in jener Zeit der Stolz Adolf Hitlers, kurz nach seiner Machtübernahme wurde das ganze Dorf sogar als Ehrenmitglied in die NSDAP aufgenommen, eine Besonderheit selbst im "Tausendjährigen Reich".
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Untergang einer religiösen Vielfalt

News in Das Dritte Reich Noch keine Kommentare »
[b]
In den Zwanzigern lebten 173.000 Juden in Berlin. Ihre Synagogen prägten das Stadtbild. Von den weit mehr als 100 jüdischen Gotteshäusern sind gerade einmal zehn übrig geblieben. [/b]

Vor hundert Jahren gehörten Synagogen selbstverständlich zum Stadtbild dazu. Ihre Giebel, Kuppeln und Davidsterne boten Orientierung im Kiez wie die Türme der Kirchen. Weit über hundert jüdische Gotteshäuser muss es vor der Pogromnacht 1938 in Berlin gegeben haben. Wie viele genau, lässt sich nicht mehr rekonstruieren. In Büchern, Archiven und in Berichten von Zeitzeugen finden sich Spuren von an die hundert Gebetsstätten.
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Der Gestapo-Chef liegt neben Juden begraben

News in Das Dritte Reich 8 Kommentare »
[b]
Der Nazi-Verbrecher Heinrich Müller galt seit 1945 als verschollen. Nun scheint klar: Der Holocaust-Mitorganisator wurde auf einem jüdischen Friedhof in Berlin beerdigt.[/b]

Diesen Fund hat Johannes Tuchel eher zufällig gemacht. Der Historiker beschäftigte sich mit einer Mordaktion an Widerstandskämpfern 1945 in einem Berliner Gefängnis, die von Gestapo-Chef Heinrich Müller geleitet wurde. Dabei stieß Tuchel auf das noch immer ungeklärte Schicksal des Nazi-Verbrechers. Es gibt bislang kein offizielles Todesdatum für Müller, der Gestapo-Chef galt seit dem 29. April 1945 als verschollen. Das interessierte Tuchel, er recherchierte und ist sich nach Archivfunden nun sicher: Müller starb am Ende des Krieges und seine Überreste sind ausgerechnet auf einem jüdischen Friedhof in Berlin begraben.
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Überleben im Versteck

News in Das Dritte Reich Noch keine Kommentare »
[b]
Nicht nur Anne Frank hat sich vor den Nazis versteckt. In Berlin haben Tausende Juden versucht, im Untergrund zu überleben. Eine ergreifende Ausstellung erzählt nun die Geschichten von Kindern, denen das gelang - und von denen, die nicht so viel Glück hatten.[/b]

Werner Foß strahlt von der erleuchteten Schauwand. In seinem Antlitz steht dasselbe spitzbübische Grinsen, das dem Besucher auch von seinen Kinderfotos entgegenstrahlt. Werner Foß wurde nicht gebrochen. Er hat unglaubliche Angst durchlitten, seine Schulfreunde haben Familienangehörige an die Nazis verloren, er hat seine Kindheit in Schrecken verbracht. Und doch: Er hat überlebt.
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Der KZ-Kommandeur, der aus der Psychiatrie kam

News in Das Dritte Reich 8 Kommentare »
Theodor Eicke perfektionierte das System Konzentrationslager. Anfang 1933 hatte er selbst in einer Nervenheilanstalt in "Schutzhaft" gesessen – wegen gemeingefährlicher Geisteskrankheit.
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Der Mann, der freiwillig nach Auschwitz ging

News in Das Dritte Reich 2 Kommentare »
Der polnische Patriot und Kavallerie-Offizier Witold Pilecki ließ sich freiwillig ins KZ Auschwitz einliefern. 70 Jahre nach seiner Flucht erscheint sein Bericht darüber erstmals auf Deutsch.

Der Tod am Strang kann ein echter Fortschritt sein. Allerdings nur, wenn die Alternative etwa das Totprügeln ist oder einen Pfahl buchstäblich in die Eingeweide gerammt zu bekommen.

Natürlich ist ein Ort, an dem das Aufknüpfen eines wieder eingefangenen Flüchtlings schon eine "Verbesserung" darstellt, nichts anderes als die Hölle auf Erden. Freiwillig begibt sich niemand an einen solchen Ort. Genauer: fast niemand – denn Witold Pilecki hat es getan und sich 945 Tage lang in Auschwitz einsperren lassen.

Jetzt, 70 Jahre nach seiner Flucht Ende April 1943, ist sein Bericht über den mörderischen Alltag im größten aller NS-Konzentrationslager erstmals auf Deutsch erschienen. Es ist ein, trotz oder gerade wegen seines abgehackten, oft erratischen Stils, erschütterndes Dokument.
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Späte Genugtuung für Häftlingsnummer 7952

News in Das Dritte Reich Noch keine Kommentare »

Am 100. Geburtstag von Rudolf Brazdas gedenkt Thüringen an diesem Sonntag der von den Nazis verfolgten Homosexuellen. Selbst nach der Befreiung aus den Konzentrationslagern galten sie per Gesetz lange als kriminell.


[IMG]http://www.faz.net/polopoly_fs/1.2239972!/image/98090571.jpg_gen/derivatives/article_aufmacher_gross/98090571.jpg[/IMG]
Verfolgt und geehrt: Rudolf Brazda war der letzte bekannte Überlebende der Häftlinge mit "Rosa Winke". Die Aufnahme stammt von 2010, im August 2011 ist Brazda im Alter von 98 Jahren verstorben

Rudolf Brazda ist 95 Jahre alt, als sein Leben noch einmal eine unverhoffte Wendung nimmt. Im Fernsehen sieht er 2008, dass in Berlin ein Denkmal für die im Nationalsozialismus verfolgten Homosexuellen eingeweiht werden soll. Da will er dabei sein. Seine Nichte stellt schließlich den Kontakt zum Lesben- und Schwulenverband her. Ihr Onkel, erzählt sie, habe das Konzentrationslager Buchenwald überlebt. Er war dort inhaftiert, weil er homosexuell war.

„Ich konnte es erst gar nicht glauben“, sagt Alexander Zinn, damals Sprecher des Berliner Lesben- und Schwulenverbandes. „Wir dachten, dass keiner mehr am Leben war, der das alles mitgemacht hat.“ Doch Brazdas Name findet sich auf einer Liste sogenannter Rosa-Winkel-Häftlinge, die Geschichte scheint zu stimmen. Zwei Wochen später ist Zinn unterwegs zu Brazda, der im Elsass nahe Mülhausen lebt. „Ich war gespannt und zugleich ängstlich“, erzählt Zinn. Und er ist völlig überrascht, als Brazda ihm die Tür öffnet. Da steht kein verbitterter Greis, sondern „eine Frohnatur, ein offenherziger, optimistischer Mensch“. Und der beginnt zu erzählen, vieles sei einfach nur so aus ihm herausgesprudelt.
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Tagebuch des Hitler-Ideologen: Was Alfred Rosenberg niederschrieb

News in Das Dritte Reich 9 Kommentare »
[b]
Es ist ein Dokument von großer Brisanz: In den USA wurden persönliche Aufzeichnungen von Alfred Rosenberg präsentiert, Hitlers Chef-Ideologen. Sie galten lange als verschollen. Historiker erhoffen sich neue Erkenntnisse über den Holocaust, Reportern wurde jetzt ein kurzer Einblick gewährt.[/b]

Dies ist der Moment, auf den Henry Mayer gewartet hat. "Seit 17 Jahren", präzisiert er. Leise keuchend und auf einen Stock gestützt, humpelt er in den kleinen Raum, wo sich die Reporter drängen. Sein Gesicht, umkränzt von einem weißen Bart, glüht vor Aufregung.

Auf einem Tisch im Nebenraum, hinter einer Glaswand, liegt der Grund für seine Freude - gut ein Dutzend vergilbter Blätter, einige betippt, andere handbeschrieben, in krakeligem Kursiv. Um letztere geht es: Es sollen Auszüge aus dem seit 1946 verschollenen Tagebuch des Nazi-Chefideologen Alfred Rosenberg sein - heute eines der wohl wichtigsten Dokumente aus dem "Dritten Reich".

Dieser Fund ist Mayers Lebenswerk. Der frühere Chefarchivar des United States Holocaust Museum hat fast seine ganze Karriere dieser Suche gewidmet, bis über seine Pensionierung 2010 hinaus. Und jetzt kann er endlich sagen: "Wir haben das Tagebuch."
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Die braune Gewerkschaft

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[b]
In den Maitagen gedenken die Gewerkschaften ihrer von den Nazis verfolgten und ermordeten Mitglieder. Und doch gab es eine, die schon früh größte Sympathien für Hitler hegte: die machtvolle Angestelltengewerkschaft DHV.[/b]

Am Montag das Zuckerbrot: Der 1. Mai ist 1933 zum ersten Mal der Feiertag der "nationalen Arbeit", und nach Goebbels’ Choreografie marschieren die Arbeitermassen durch Deutschlands Straßen. Am Dienstag die Peitsche: NSDAP-Organisationsleiter Robert Ley lässt die SA im ganzen Reich die Gewerkschaftshäuser stürmen. So besetzen die Braunhemden um neun Uhr auch das Hamburger Haus des Allgemeinen Deutschen Gewerkschaftsbundes beim Hauptbahnhof, verwüsten Büros, prügeln auf Gewerkschafter ein und entrollen vom Balkon die Hakenkreuzfahne.

Völlig unbehelligt indes bleibt auf Weisung von Ley die Zentrale des Deutschen Handlungsgehilfen-Verbandes (DHV) am anderen Ende der Hamburger Innenstadt, am heutigen Johannes-Brahms-Platz.
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Die braunen Plünderer jüdischer Vermögen

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Nicht nur der NS-Fiskus profitierte: Eine Studie zeigt erstmals, wie einzelne Finanzbeamte aus der Enteigung von Juden ihren Nutzen zogen.


[IMG]http://images.zeit.de/kultur/literatur/2013-06/stolpersteine/stolpersteine-540x304.jpg[/IMG]
In der Regensburger Innenstadt erinnern Stolpersteine des Künstlers Gunter Demnig an die Opfer der Nazi-Diktatur.

Fast jeder ist schon einmal an ihnen vorbei gelaufen, hat sie vielleicht genauer angeschaut. Überall in Deutschland erinnern kleine Messingplatten vor Hauseingängen daran, wen die Nationalsozialisten hier deportierten. Diese Menschen ließen Häuser, Geschäfte, Vermögen zurück. Doch wer organisierte die Enteignung und Ausplünderung vor allem von Juden während der NS-Diktatur?

Das Bundesfinanzministerium arbeitet derzeit seine Geschichte auf. Eine Historikerkommission untersucht die Rolle seiner Vorgängerbehörde, einzelne Autoren verfassen dazu umfangreiche Studien. Ähnlich haben es zuvor schon Justiz- und Außenministerium getan. In Berlin stellen die Forscher nun ihre ersten Ergebnisse vor. Es tun sich Abgründe auf.
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(C) Daniel Oswald