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An der Mosel unterwarf Rom das freie Keltentum

News in Das Römische Reich 7 Kommentare »

Archäologen haben das dritte antike Schlachtfeld in Deutschland gefunden, nach Kalkriese und Harzhorn. Wie hier 70 n. Chr. der Aufstand der Treverer scheiterte, lässt sich heute rekonstruieren.


Wer einen Feind aufhalten muss, sucht sich dafür am besten eine Stelle aus, die leicht zu verteidigen ist. Das wusste natürlich auch Iulius Valentinus, ein junger Treverer von ungestümem Gemüt. Im Jahr 70 n. Chr. führte er einen Aufstand der keltischen Stämme aus dem Gebiet der Mosel, gegen die römische Herrschaft an.

Während der innenpolitischen Wirren der vorangegangenen Jahre und des Vier-Kaiser-Jahres 68/69 hatte das Imperium Romanum Truppen aus den Provinzen abziehen müssen; viele Einheimische der unterworfenen Gebiete sahen ihre Chance, das Joch der Fremdherrschaft abzuschütteln. Doch der neue Kaiser Vespasian hatte keineswegs vor, Unruhe an den Rändern des Reiches zuzulassen – und schickte seinen Schwiegersohn Petilis Cerialis nach Germania inferior, um Ruhe zu schaffen.

Die Treverer hatten die Stadt Augusta Treverorum besetzt, das heutige Trier. Cerialis, der laut dem Historiker Tacitus "kampfbegierig" war, sammelte seine Truppen für die fällige Strafexpedition im Legionslager Mogontiacum, dem heutigen Mainz. Von hier aus musste er nach Trier gelangen, um Valentinus zu schlagen. Immerhin eine Strecke von fast 140 Kilometern oder gut fünf Tagesmärschen.

Um schnell von Mogontiacum nach Augusta Treverorum zu gelangen, gab es zwei Wege, beides natürlich römische Militärstraßen. Die eine, eine Talstraße, verlief teilweise entlang der Mosel; etwas flussabwärts des heutigen Ortes Riol passierte sie eine Engstelle zwischen den Steilhängen eines Bergrückens und dem Fluss. Diese Stelle konnt leicht besetzt und gehalten werden, auch gegen eine Übermacht.
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Legionär des Varus vergrub einen Goldschatz

News in Das Römische Reich Noch keine Kommentare »
[b]
Ein sensationeller Goldfund auf dem Gelände der Varusschlacht bei Kalkriese fasziniert die Archäologen. Ein Römer vergrub oder verlor offenbar ein Vermögen, als er um sein Leben kämpfte.[/b]

Gold oder Leben, dem römischen Legionär blieben wohl nur wenige Augenblicke, um die Entscheidung zu treffen. Offenbar wählte er die Flucht und vergrub seine Barschaft. Vielleicht traf ihn aber auch zuvor der tödliche Hieb, und er bedeckte den wertvollen Beutel mit seinem Körper. Auf jeden Fall war es ein kleines Vermögen, das er da in die Urwälder Germaniens mitgenommen hatte, Spargroschen für einen ruhigen Lebensabend, den er damit nun nicht mehr finanzieren konnte.
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Seltene römische Goldmünze in Israel entdeckt

News in Das Römische Reich 30 Kommentare »

Tel Aviv (dpa) - Eine seltene römische Goldmünze ist von einer Wanderin im Nordosten Israels gefunden worden.


[IMG]http://media-cdn.sueddeutsche.de/mediadb/szcms/dpaimage/urn-newsml-dpa-com-20090101-160314-99-210856/medium_4_3.jpg[/IMG]
"Diese Münze, geprägt 107 nach Christus in Rom, ist weltweit sehr selten", sagte IAA-Münzexperte Danny Syon.
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Eine fragwürdige Emanze

News in Das Römische Reich Noch keine Kommentare »
[b]
Sie war eine stolze Frau, die über Leichen ging: Agrippina, die Tochter des Feldherrn Germanicus. Der „Kaiserin aus Köln“ widmet das Römisch-Germanische Museum zu ihrem 2000. Geburtstag eine umfassende Ausstellung.[/b]

Sie sieht ganz schön mitgenommen aus. Überlebensgroß steht sie da, sichtlich malträtiert. Das Gewand abgeschrappt, auf dem Rumpf Schrammen und Blessuren, Frakturen und Risse, der rechte Arm ist unter der Achsel, der linke, angewinkelte am Ellbogen amputiert. Allein der Kopf ist, mit den ebenen Gesichtszügen und den modischen Ringellöckchen, nahezu unversehrt. Die Statue der Agrippina, aus Grauwacke, einem dunklen, harten Stein, modelliert, hat bessere Zeiten gesehen, doch die sind sehr lange her. Gleich nach ihrem Tod im Jahre 59 nach Christus war die vierte Gattin von Kaiser Claudius, ihrem Onkel, die als erste Frau vom Senat den Ehrentitel Augusta erhalten hatte, in Ungnade gefallen und ihr Standbild vermutlich aus dem Verkehr gezogen und in ein Depot verbracht worden, ehe es in der Spätantike oder im frühen Mittelalter zerstört und recycelt wurde.
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2000 Jahre altes Schlachtfeld lokalisiert

News in Das Römische Reich 2 Kommentare »
[b]
Riol. Auf einer Anhöhe bei Riol in Rheinland-Pfalz soll es nach dem Tod des Kaisers Nero eine bedeutende Schlacht mit den Römern gegeben haben. Das habe eine neu aufgetauchte private Sammlung von Funden aus den 80er Jahren bestätigt, sagte der Chef der Generaldirektion Kulturelles Erbe (GDKE) Rheinland-Pfalz, Thomas Metz, am Dienstag.[/b]

Zu den rund 20 Funden gehörten etwa Schnallen von Schienenpanzern, eiserne Lanzenspitzen und Schleuderbleie. Die Schlacht zwischen Treverern und Römern im Jahr 70 bei Riol war bekannt, aber nicht der genaue Ort des Schlachtfeldes.
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Gattin und Göttin

News in Das Römische Reich Noch keine Kommentare »
Livia Drusilla ist nicht nur Augustus’ Ehefrau, sondern auch seine einflussreichste Beraterin. Nach ihrem Tod steigt sie sogar zu den Göttern auf.
Als Livia und Octavian heiraten, deutet nichts darauf hin, dass diese Ehe 52 Jahre halten wird. Erst recht kann niemand ahnen, dass es Livia gelingen wird, aus dem Schatten ihres mächtigen Mannes zu treten, zur Priesterin und schließlich sogar zur Gottheit erhoben zu werden. Am wenigsten wohl sie selbst.
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Ordnungspolitiker mit historischer Mission

News in Das Römische Reich Noch keine Kommentare »
Eine Art Monarchie errichten und sie als Republik ausgeben – nicht nur das ist Gaius Oktavius alias Augustus gelungen. Vor zweitausend Jahren starb der «Erhabene», den die Geschichtsbücher als ersten römischen Kaiser verzeichnen.

Vor zweitausend Jahren, am 19. August 14 n. Chr., starb Augustus in Nola bei Neapel. «Wenn ich meine Rolle gut gespielt habe, so klatscht Beifall», soll er auf dem Sterbebett die Trauergemeinde angehalten haben. – Doch wer war der erste Kaiser Roms? Ein globaler Friedensfürst? Ein erbarmungsloser Schlächter? Ein genialer Staatsmann? Ein Zyniker der Macht? Schon im berühmten Totengericht des Tacitus stehen sich Verteidiger und Ankläger gegenüber. Jede Zeit hat ihren Augustus geschaffen. Für die christlichen Theologen des Mittelalters war er Teil des göttlichen Heilsplans, da unter seiner Herrschaft Christus geboren worden war. Französische Aufklärer verurteilten Augustus als Despoten, deutsche Historisten rekonstruierten eine Monokratie in republikanischer Verkleidung, und italienische Faschisten rechtfertigten mit seiner Hilfe ihre imperialen Gelüste. Während Wilhelm Weber, der nationalsozialistische Althistoriker an der Berliner Universität, in den dreissiger Jahren des vergangenen Jahrhunderts Augustus als Begründer des Führerprinzips feierte, entlarvte Ronald Syme in Oxford, wenige Tage nach dem Beginn des Zweiten Weltkrieges. die totalitären Züge der augusteischen Herrschaft
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Aus Pompejis Speisekarte: Giraffe auf römische Art

News in Das Römische Reich 13 Kommentare »
[b]
Forscher entdeckten die Reste einer metzgerisch tadellos aufbereiteten Giraffenkeule. Gleich daneben fanden sich Reste von Seeigeln und Gewürzen aus Indonesien.[/b]

Die alten Römer lebten nicht nur von Brot und Spielen, also von jenem bürgerlichen „Grundgehalt“, das die Kaiser generös zu spenden verpflichtet waren. Bei ihren Gelagen durfte es gern auch exotischer zugehen. Da gab es Pfaueneier und Bärensteaks, Schweinseuter und Drosseln.

Dass man Flamingos am besten mit Lauch, Kümmel, Koriander, Minze und Pfeffer dünstet, lasen sie bereits im Standardkochbuch des Apicius, der auch Rezepte für Siebenschläfer, Strauße und Muränen liefert. Besondere Leckereien fanden sich bald in Wald und Flur: Aus Nordafrika hatten die Römer – des Geschmacks wegen – das Stachelschwein eingeführt. Die Überlebenden fühlen sich noch heute in Italien wohl.

Einen nie zuvor gesehenen Beweis für den römisch-globalen Fernhandel mit Lebensmitteln haben US-Archäologen nun in Pompeji ausgegraben: Sie wühlten in Abfallhalden und Latrinen der damals beliebten Einkaufsmeile am Stabiae-Tor. Dort ballten sich seit dem vierten Jahrhundert vor Christus eine Menge Geschäfte, Schnellimbisse und Restaurants, und dort entdeckten die Forscher von heute die Reste einer metzgerisch tadellos aufbereiteten Giraffenkeule.

„Es handelt sich um den einzigen Giraffenknochen, der je auf dem Gebiet des römischen Reichs ausgegraben wurde.“
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Chinas Kampf um Rom

News in Das Römische Reich 1 Kommentar »
[b]
Stammen die Bewohner des chinesischen Dorfes Liqian tatsächlich von Römern ab? Manche Forscher glauben daran. Andere wittern ein Geschäft[/b]

Es war einmal eine wissenschaftliche Theorie, der Flügel wuchsen. Sie flog von London nach China, an den Rand der Wüste Gobi. Und mit einem Mal war es, als wären in diesem gottverlassenen Winkel Außerirdische gelandet. Römische Außerirdische in Federhelmen, umstrahlt von der Glorie des Imperiums. Sie schlichen sich in die Lokalregierung, in Tempel und Universitäten. Chinesische Bauern fühlen sich plötzlich ganz als Römer. Und alles nur wegen Homer Hasenpflug Dubs.

Im Jahr 1955 hielt der bekannte amerikanische Sinologe Dubs an der China Society in London einen aufsehenerregenden Vortrag. Lange hatten Forscher gerätselt, warum die antiken Großreiche Rom und China erst so spät in Kontakt getreten waren. Chinesischen Chroniken zufolge fand sich erstmals im Jahr 166 nach Christus ein Gesandter beim chinesischen Kaiser ein. Dubs zufolge aber sind die ersten Römer bereits 200 Jahre früher nach China gelangt.
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Wurde der römische Imperator Cäsar per Kaiserschnitt geboren?

News in Das Römische Reich Noch keine Kommentare »
[b][/b]

Der Kaiserschnitt heißt auf Lateinisch sectio caesarea, aber er ist nicht nach Cäsar benannt worden. Laut dem römischen Autor Plinius geht vielmehr der Name Cäsar darauf zurück, dass ein Vorfahr des berühmten Herrschers aus dem Bauch seiner Mutter geschnitten wurde. Das lateinische Verb caedere bedeutet nämlich »schneiden». Erst später wurde die Schnittoperation mit Cäsar selbst assoziiert, und dessen Name steckt auch im deutschen Wort »Kaiser«. Aber mit ziemlicher Sicherheit wurde der berühmte Cäsar nicht per Kaiserschnitt entbunden.
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Antikes Bad unter Kölns Rathaus gefunden

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Archäologen entdeckten in der Rheinmetropole offenbar ein Kultbad. Vermutlich stand dort bereits in der Antike eine Synagoge.


Yersinia pestis heißt das Bakterium, das Europa den Schwarzen Tod brachte. Der Einzeller war aber nicht der einzige Massenmörder des Mittelalters; niederträchtig nutzten Volksverhetzer in ganz Europa die Seuche aus. Sie schoben den Juden die Schuld für die Pest zu, mit fatalen Folgen: Die Mitte des 14. Jahrhunderts wurde die Zeit der Pestpogrome in Städten mit jüdischer Bevölkerung – ob in Genf, Basel, Mainz, Koblenz oder Königsberg.

Auch in Köln fand die paneuropäische Katastrophe ihren Niederschlag – die Bewohner des jüdischen Viertels wurden zu Sündenböcken gemacht, viele von ihnen vertrieben oder ermordet. Jüdische Häuser und die Synagoge setzte der Mob in Brand. Doch was am 23. und 24. August 1349 im Detail geschah, ist in den Geschichtsbüchern der rheinischen Metropole nur oberflächlich abgehandelt. Die schriftlichen Belege für die Mordtaten sind dünn.

Nur langsam kommt Licht ins Dunkel. Einer der Orte, an denen die Verbrechen deutliche Spuren hinterlassen haben, ist der heutige Rathausmarkt, wenige Schritte vom Dom entfernt. Sven Schütte holt seit fünf Jahren Zeugnisse der Ereignisse aus dem Boden. Er ist Leiter des Projekts Archäologische Zone / Jüdisches Museum. Im Keller unter seiner Dienststelle zieht er eine Pappschachtel aus einem der vielen Regale. Darin ein Klumpen mit Tausenden kleinen Eisenringen, grau, rötlich braun, schwarz. Das sei, sagt Schütte, ein Kettenhemd gewesen. In der Feuersbrunst verschmolzen die Glieder der Schutzkleidung. Trotz der Deformationen hat Schütte darin eindeutige Spuren von Schwerthieben ausgemacht. Das Kettenhemd sei in jener Pogromnacht stellenweise entzweigehauen worden. Dies belege, dass es nicht »nur« um Vertreibung ging, sondern ein Kampf um Leben und Tod stattfand.

Mehrere Zehntausend neue Funde aus dem Untergrund des Rathausmarkts ergänzen die spärlichen Passagen in den Geschichtsbüchern und erzählen vom Leben und Sterben, von Essen, Unterricht, Handel und Handwerk im jüdischen Viertel. Jüngst von den Ausgräbern entdeckte Spuren dürften den jüdischen Annalen Kölns ein wichtiges neues, frühes Kapitel hinzufügen. Aus diesem Grund wartet Sven Schütte auf die Ankunft von Ronny Reich.

Doch sein Freund Ronny lässt sich Zeit. Erst im neuen Jahr wird der Präsident der Antikenkommission Israels nach Deutschland reisen können.
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Angriff von mehreren Seiten

News in Das Römische Reich 11 Kommentare »

Archäologen graben immer mehr Fundstücke aus, die ein blutiges Gefecht zwischen Römern und Germanen am Rande des Harzes belegen. Wer in dem Gemetzel vor fast 1800 Jahren siegte, ist inzwischen klar.


Archäologische Grabungen am Harzhorn bringen immer neue Erkenntnisse über eine Schlacht, die sich auf dem Höhenzug im südniedersächsischen Kreis Northeim zugetragen hat. Im Jahre 235 trafen dort Germanen und Römer aufeinander. Der Archäologe Günther Moosbauer von der Universität Osnabrück geht davon aus, dass die römische Einheit, die am Harzhorn auftauchte, bis zu 20.000 Mann stark gewesen sein könnte. Bislang war von einer deutlich schwächeren Einheit die Rede.
Funde vom römisch-germanischen Schlachtfeld am Harzhorn Bild vergrößern

[IMG]http://polpix.sueddeutsche.com/polopoly_fs/1.1461605.1347012176!/image/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/860x860/image.jpg[/IMG]
Petra Lönne, Kreisarchäologin im Landkreis Northeim, zeigt eine am Harzhorn gefundene Pionieraxt mit Inschrift (© dpa)


Dem blutigen Gemetzel vor fast 1800 Jahren sollen germanische Attacken auf den Tross vorausgegangen sein. Dabei erbeuteten sie Wagen und Karren. Anschließend kam es zur eigentlichen Schlacht, die klar zu Gunsten einer Seite ausging: die der Römer.

Die Germanen hatten sich mit ihrer Beute offenbar auf dem Höhenzug Harzhorn verschanzt - ein tödlicher Fehler. Neue Spuren zeigen, dass die Römer von mehreren Seiten aus angriffen - und so die Germanen besiegten. "Dies legen Funde am Hauptkamm des Höhenzuges nahe", sagte Kreisarchäologin Petra Lönne. "Die Germanen müssen unter sehr intensivem Beschuss gestanden haben". Bei der diesjährigen archäologischen Ausgrabung wurden nach ihren Angaben unter anderem Pfeile, Speerspitzen und Katapultbolzen entdeckt.
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Schuhnägel liefern Beweis für ältestes römisches Militärlager

News in Das Römische Reich 1 Kommentar »
[b]
Im Hunsrück haben Archäologen einen historischen Fund gemacht: Ein Lager, das Truppen Julius Cäsars zwischen 53 und 51 vor Christus bei Hermeskeil errichtet haben.[/b]

Ein Forscherteam der Uni Mainz hat nachgewiesen, dass das bislang älteste römische Militärlager auf deutschem Boden sich bei Hermeskeil im Landkreis Trier-Saarburg befindet. Demnach ist es am Ende des Gallischen Krieges zwischen 53 und 51 vor Christus von den Truppen Julius Cäsars errichtet worden.

Die Datierung gelang den Archäologen anhand von Keramikscherben und Schuhnägeln, die Cäsars Legionären aus den Sandalen gefallen waren. "Hier wird ein Stück Weltgeschichte archäologisch greifbar", sagte Grabungsleiterin Sabine Hornung vom Institut für Vor- und Frühgeschichte.

Mehr als 70 Nägel sind inzwischen bei den Grabungen an einer Torgasse des Lagers zwischen Pflastersteinen ausgegraben worden. Die eisernen Nägel sind schirmförmig. "Wie Spikes, damit die Legionäre auf dem Lehmboden nicht ausrutschten", sagte Hornung. Die Nägel waren der erste Nachweis für das Militärlager. Zusammen mit den Funden von Waffen, Scherben und einer Getreidemühle ergab sich dann das Bild eines Lagers, das kein Marschlager, sondern Monate bewohnt war.
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Wie eine Gaswolke den Römern den Tod brachte

News in Das Römische Reich 1 Kommentar »
Es sind die letzten dramatischen Momente in einem Haus in Pompeji. Eine Ausstellung in Halle rekonstruiert, was sich nach dem Ausbruch des Vesuvs abspielte.

Auch Plünderer denken mit: Sie wollen sich nicht zu viel Arbeit machen. Darauf jedenfalls deutet ein lateinisches, aber mit griechischen Buchstaben und orthografisch fehlerhaft geschriebenes Graffito hin, das am Eingang eines besonders reich ausgestatteten Hauses in Pompeji gefunden wurde: "doummos pertousa" steht da, was wohl "domus pertusa" heißen sollte, also "durchlöchertes Haus".

Gerade dieses Haus, die prächtige Casa del Menandro, wird in der sehenswerten Ausstellung "Pompeji, Nola, Herculaneum – Katastrophen am Vesuv" in Halle ausführlich gewürdigt. Der Heidelberger Archäologe Jens-Arne Dickmann, selbst jahrelang Ausgräber in Pompeji und wissenschaftlicher Berater der Schau im Landesmuseum für Vorgeschichte von Sachsen-Anhalt, rekonstruiert anhand der Funde erstmals, was wohl nach dem Vulkanausbruch in diesem Haus geschehen ist.

Pompeji - Nola - Herculaneum .:. Landesausstellung .:. - POMPEJI - Nola - Herculaneum .:. Katastrophen am Vesuv
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Wie die Römer den Sound ins Amphitheater brachten

News in Das Römische Reich Noch keine Kommentare »
[b]
Resonanz und Akustik treiben die Menschheit nicht erst seit der Ära der Lautsprecherboxen um: Schon in Amphitheatern wurde unter den Sitzen der Ton moduliert.[/b]

Im ersten Jahrhundert vor Christus erkannte der römische Architekt und Ingenieur Vitruv bereits die Wellennatur des Schalls. Er verglich ihn mit Wasserwellen. Es blieb nicht bei der Theorie. Vitruv installierte unter den Sitzen von Amphitheatern unterschiedlich große Gefäße aus Ton und konnte so die Akustik verbessern.

Ein Gefäß mit einer kleinen Öffnung besitzt eine Resonanzfrequenz. Was das bedeutet, lässt sich ganz einfach mit einer leeren Bierflasche demonstrieren. Bläst man die Flasche an der Öffnung seitlich an, so hört man einen tiefen Ton – die Resonanzfrequenz dieser Flasche. Je größer das Volumen des Hohlraums und damit die Masse der schwingenden Luft sind, umso tiefer ist der hörbare Ton.

Für die mit vitruvschen Schallgefäßen (vases acoustiques) ausgestatteten Amphitheater bedeutete dies, dass im Bereich tiefer Töne Schall absorbiert wurde und damit die Hörbarkeit höherer Frequenzen, insbesondere die Verständlichkeit von Sprechstimmen, verbessert wurde. Überdies erzeugten die Vasen des Vitruv ein wenig Nachhall, was die sehr trockene Akustik der offenen Theater merklich verbesserte
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Kaiser Nero zündete Rom gar nicht an

News in Das Römische Reich 6 Kommentare »
Der Name Nero steht bis heute synonym für den Typus des grausamen und irrsinnigen Diktators. Der Kaiser, der von 54 bis 68 n. Chr. über Rom herrschte, wird in einem Atemzug mit den furchtbarsten Verbrechern der Weltgeschichte genannt. Hitlers Anweisung etwa, die Infrastruktur des eigenen Landes zu zerstören, damit sie den Alliierten nicht in die Hände fällt, bezeichnet man bis heute als „Nero-Befehl“.

Denn Nero, das glaubt heute jeder, habe Rom anzünden lassen, um für seine größenwahnsinnigen architektonischen Visionen Platz zu schaffen. Doch bei dieser Anschuldigung handelt es sich in Wahrheit um pure Verleumdung – um eine freie Erfindung, die zudem erst lange nach Neros Tod in die Welt gesetzt wurde.
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Römischer Tempel an künftiger ICE-Trasse gefunden

News in Das Römische Reich Noch keine Kommentare »
[b]
Archäologen des baden-württembergischen Amtes für Denkmalpflege haben an der künftigen ICE-Trasse zwischen Ulm und Wendlingen ein römisches Heiligtum und einen spätkeltischen Gutshof entdeckt.[/b]
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Die wahren Gründe des Untergangs Roms

News in Das Römische Reich 15 Kommentare »

Von "spätrömischer Dekadenz" sprach FDP-Chef Westerwelle im Zusammenhang mit seinen Vorstellungen über Hartz-IV-Empfänger. Wie war das damals wirklich in Rom der Spätantike?


[IMG]http://images.zeit.de/wissen/geschichte/2010-02/dekadenz-rom/dekadenz-rom-540x304.jpg[/IMG]
Man war reich und man zeigte es: Das Bild "Les Romains de la décadence" von Thomas Couture (1844) zeigt den Luxus und die Dekadenz Roms

Der Zusammenbruch des römischen Imperiums hatte viele Ursachen. Der unmittelbare Auslöser war die Völkerwanderung: Die Hunnen drangen aus Asien nach Ostmitteleuropa ein. Andere Völker zogen daraufhin nach Westen und Süden und bedrängten wiederum das Römische Reich.

Seit 395 war das Reich in West- und Ost-Rom geteilt, die sich zwar als ein Imperium verstanden, aber von zwei Kaisern beherrscht wurden. Ost-Rom hielt den andrängenden Völkern stand, unter anderem, weil diese das stark befestigte und strategisch entscheidende Konstantinopel an der Pforte zu Kleinasien nie erobern konnten; es stand aber zu sehr unter Druck, um der westlichen Reichshälfte beistehen zu können.
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Kaiser Neros rotierender Speisesaal entdeckt

News in Das Römische Reich Noch keine Kommentare »
[b]Nero war für seine rauschenden Partys berühmt. Jetzt glauben Archäologen, den Raum gefunden zu haben, in dem der Kaiser seine Feste feierte. Die Konstruktion legt nahe, dass fließendes Wasser ihn einst rotieren ließ.[/b]

Rom - Ein Archäologenteam in Rom hat wahrscheinlich Kaiser Neros Speisesaal wiederentdeckt. Die Experten fanden auf dem Palatin-Hügel bei Ausgrabungen in der Domus Aurea, dem Goldenen Haus, wie der Palast des römischen Kaisers genannt wurde, einen kreisrunden Saal.

Wie die Archäologie-Beauftragten der Stadt berichteten, könnte es sich bei der Entdeckung um den sagenhaften Speisesaal des berühmt-berüchtigten Kaisers handeln, der sich - die Erdbewegung nachahmend - Tag und Nacht um sich selbst drehte. Das Spektakel sollte laut Berichten des zeitgenössischen Geschichtsschreibers Sueton die Gäste des Kaisers beeindrucken. Demnach soll es dort auch Elfenbeinplatten in der Decke gegeben haben, die sich öffneten, um Blumen und Parfum auf die Gäste regnen zu lassen.
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Kleines Kolosseum vor den Toren Roms entdeckt

News in Das Römische Reich 5 Kommentare »
[b]Entzückung bei Freunden des Altertums: Am antiken Hafen Portus bei Ostia haben Archäologen die Überreste eines kleineren Kolosseums für nahezu 2000 Zuschauer ausgegraben.[/b]

Die von der Universität Southampton geleiteten Ausgrabungen haben in den vergangenen Jahren nach und nach die Fundamente dieses Amphitheaters freigelegt, berichtete der Mailänder Corriere della Sera: Mit 42 Metern Länge und 38 Metern Breite war es kleiner als das Amphitheatrum Flavium (Kolosseum), das als größtes des Altertums und Wahrzeichen des früheren römischen Weltreiches gilt.

Portus war fünf Jahrhunderte lang der größte Hafen des Mittelmeeres, der für die Kapitale des Römischen Reiches Nahrung, Sklaven, wilde Tiere, Luxusgüter und Baumaterial umschlug. Mehrere Jahre lang hat das Team um Professor Simon Keay nun an der bedeutenden antiken Fundstätte, die heute mehrere Kilometer landeinwärts liegt, gemessen und gegraben. Auf dem Gelände eines riesigen Trajan-Palastes in kaiserlichem Stil stießen sie auf das elliptisch geformte Theater, das auf früheren Plänen schon markiert, aber nie gefunden worden war.
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Tausend blaue Blumen aus alten Zeiten

News in Das Römische Reich 1 Kommentar »
Vor 2000 Jahren, als Britannien römische Provinz war, starb in Londinium, der heutigen Hauptstadt des Königreichs ein wohlhabender Römer. Er wurde eingeäschert und erhielt für seine letzte Reise wertvolle Grabbeigaben aus Glas – darunter auch eine kostbare Schale, gefertigt aus hunderten durchscheinender blauer Glasblumen.
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Experimentelle Archäologie: Verschlissen im Römeralltag

News in Das Römische Reich Noch keine Kommentare »
[b]Wie Ressourcenverschwendung zum Untergang des Weströmischen Reiches beigetragen hat und wie Experimente helfen, die Vergangenheit zu verstehen. Ein Gespräch mit Althistoriker Josef Löffl.[/b]
Interview: Barbara Galaktionow

Josef Löffl ist wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter an der Universität Regensburg. Vor etwa einem Jahr führte der Althistoriker mit mehreren Kommilitonen ein spektakuläres Experiment durch: In Tunika und Kettenhemd, mit Schilden, Lanzen und anderen nach antiken Angaben erstellten Gegenständen marschierten die elf Doktoranden und Magistranden im Sommer 2008 vier Wochen lang entlang der römischen Limesstraße von Niederösterreich nach Regensburg - und erhielten dabei einen Eindruck davon, mit welchen Alltagsproblemen römische Legionäre im 3. Jahrhundert nach Christus zu kämpfen hatten. Doch die Erkenntnisse, die die Wissenschaftler aus dem Marsch zogen, weisen über den persönlichen Bereich weit hinaus. Josef Löffl hat sich mit den Implikationen für die antike Wirtschaft befasst - und dazu vor kurzem seine Doktorarbeit eingereicht.

[b]Löffl:[/b] Die Schuhe der römischen Legionäre hatten auf der Sohle um die 120 bis 200 Eisennägel. Diese wertvolle Ressource verschwindet einfach, die wird weggelaufen. Und um dieses Eisen zu fertigen, braucht man erst einmal Eisenerz und enorme Mengen an Holzkohle. Das heißt, ganze Wälder dürften jährlich dem Schuhwerk der Armee zum Opfer gefallen sein. Unsere Erkenntnisse über den Verschleiß alltäglicher Dinge stimmen mit naturwissenschaftlichen Befunden aus Bohrkernuntersuchungen überein. Die besagen, dass die Römer bis zur Zeit der Industriellen Revolution im 19. Jahrhundert die größten Ressourcenverschwender waren.
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Goldener Pferdekopf aus der Römerzeit entdeckt

News in Das Römische Reich 8 Kommentare »
Archäologen haben in der einstigen Römerstadt Germania Magna in Hessen Reste eines 2000 Jahre alten Reiterstandbilds entdeckt. In einem Brunnen stießen sie auf einen lebensgroßen Pferdekopf und einen Schuh des Reiters. Das Deutsche Archäologische Institut sprach von einem "sensationellen Fund".
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Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Europe/Berlin' for 'CEST/2.0/DST' instead in /homepages/7/d117952006/htdocs/historik/index.php on line 153

Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Europe/Berlin' for 'CEST/2.0/DST' instead in /homepages/7/d117952006/htdocs/historik/index.php on line 154

Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Europe/Berlin' for 'CEST/2.0/DST' instead in /homepages/7/d117952006/htdocs/historik/index.php on line 155

Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Europe/Berlin' for 'CEST/2.0/DST' instead in /homepages/7/d117952006/htdocs/historik/index.php on line 157

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Germanen im Ofen

News in Das Römische Reich 3 Kommentare »
Archäologie
Germanen im Ofen
In einem Töpferofen vor dem Römerlager in Haltern am See entdeckten Forscher die Skelette von 24 Menschen. Jetzt haben sie den merkwürdigen Fund geklärt.

Es muss ein hastiges Begräbnis gewesen sein: Einige Jahre nach Christi Geburt warfen die Bestatter die Leichen von 24 Menschen und einem Hund einfach in einen großen Ofen vor dem Lagertor.

Eine sogenannte Sauerstoff-Strontium-Isotopenanalyse der Zähne ergab: Sechs der ehemaligen Männer zwischen 20 und 50 Jahren stammten aus der näheren Region, vier Personen hatten weite Reisen hinter sich. Sie kamen alle aus der gleichen Gegend, entweder aus dem Schwarzwald oder aus Böhmen, wie man an winzigen Getreidespuren feststellte, die sich in den Zähnen ablagerten.
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Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Europe/Berlin' for 'CEST/2.0/DST' instead in /homepages/7/d117952006/htdocs/historik/index.php on line 153

Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Europe/Berlin' for 'CEST/2.0/DST' instead in /homepages/7/d117952006/htdocs/historik/index.php on line 154

Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Europe/Berlin' for 'CEST/2.0/DST' instead in /homepages/7/d117952006/htdocs/historik/index.php on line 155

Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Europe/Berlin' for 'CEST/2.0/DST' instead in /homepages/7/d117952006/htdocs/historik/index.php on line 157

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Kleopatras Grab vor Entdeckung?

News in Das Römische Reich Noch keine Kommentare »
Vor etwa 2000 Jahren gingen der römische Feldherr Antonius und die berühmte Pharaonin in den Tod - nun gibt es Hinweise auf das Grab des Paares.
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(C) Daniel Oswald